[Matplotlib-users] Why are these plots different?

Hello, Matplotlib Users,

My challenge is that I saw this below image somewhere

and i decided to reproduce it using the same matplotlib codes but it turned out that my own image appear different as can be seen below

Please why is mine different in color, and what can I do to get the exact image as the other one? Thanks for your help.

Henry

Hi,

Hello, Matplotlib Users,

My challenge is that I saw this below image somewhere
Screenshot from 2019-08-09 15-24-34.pngand i decided to reproduce it
using the same matplotlib codes but it turned out that my own image
appear different as can be seen below
Screenshot from 2019-08-09 15-28-38.pngPlease why is mine different in
color, and what can I do to get the exact image as the other one?
Thanks for your help.

Henry

You use a different version of matplotib than whoever made the first
one. Lots of things have changed regarding defaults, including colormap.
You are using the “new” viridis colormap, the plot above looks like jet.

This is not the only difference between the two plots (look at e.g.
ticks direction, spine…). To reproduce the old plot, the easiest would
be to use the classic stylesheet of matplotlib with
`plt.style.use("classic")`, to be added after importing matplotlib.

Regards,
Bruno

···

Le 09/08/2019 à 16:54, Henry Ekene a écrit :

Indeed, this is the reason. Please note that there is a reason why the Jet colormap is no longer our default colormap. We aren’t the only plotting system to drop Jet as the default colormap (matlab and some others switch away from it). Notice in the original image, the colormap would lead the viewer to believe that the gradients are larger than they actually are. This effect has been shown in studies to lead to incorrect conclusions about the data (particularly leading to incorrect medical diagnosis!). The viridis colormap, which has been matplotlib’s default for a few years now, is considered to be among most “perceptually uniform” colormap out there.

Cheers!

Ben Root

···

On Fri, Aug 9, 2019 at 11:07 AM Bruno Pagani bruno.pagani@astrophysics.eu wrote:

Hi,

  Le 09/08/2019 à 16:54, Henry Ekene a

écrit :

Hello, Matplotlib Users,

My challenge is that I saw this below image somewhere

Screenshot from 2019-08-09 15-24-34.png and i decided to reproduce it using
the same matplotlib codes but it turned out that my own image
appear different as can be seen below

Screenshot from 2019-08-09 15-28-38.png Please why is mine different in
color, and what can I do to get the exact image as the other
one? Thanks for your help.

Henry

  You use a different version of matplotib than whoever made the

first one. Lots of things have changed regarding defaults,
including colormap. You are using the “new” viridis colormap, the
plot above looks like jet.

  This is not the only difference between the two plots (look at

e.g. ticks direction, spine…). To reproduce the old plot, the
easiest would be to use the classic stylesheet of matplotlib with
plt.style.use("classic"), to be added after importing
matplotlib.

Regards,
Bruno


Matplotlib-users mailing list

Matplotlib-users@python.org

https://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/matplotlib-users

The first plot uses the jet colormap, the second one the
viridis colormap. You can set the colormap via the cmap
argument (contourf(…, cmap=“jet”))

  Note however, that we (more or less strongly) discourage the use

of the jet colormap for heatmaps like this. This plot makes up a
nice example for why: The jet colormap results in “features” being
seen in the data, which aren’t actually there.

For more, check

  * the colormaps tutorial

(),

  • the API change note
    (),

  • this stackoverflow question

···

https://matplotlib.org/3.1.1/tutorials/colors/colormaps.html
https://matplotlib.org/users/dflt_style_changes.html?highlight=jet%20viridis#colormaphttps://stats.stackexchange.com/questions/223315/why-use-colormap-viridis-over-jet
Am 09.08.2019 um 16:54 schrieb Henry
Ekene:

Hello, Matplotlib Users,

My challenge is that I saw this below image somewhere

      and i decided to reproduce it using

the same matplotlib codes but it turned out that my own image
appear different as can be seen below

      Please why is mine different in

color, and what can I do to get the exact image as the other
one? Thanks for your help.

Henry

_______________________________________________
Matplotlib-users mailing list

Matplotlib-users@python.orghttps://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/matplotlib-users

Thank you so much! Bruno, Elan Ernest, and Ben Root, you guys are
wonderful! I added the matplotlib's "classic style" option as
suggested by Bruno, and to my surprise, it worked!

On the other hand, the "jet" colormap as an added argument, suggested
by Elan Ernest also produced what I was looking for. Meanwhile, I've
also taken note that the result produced by the "jet" colormap may be
misleading, the reason for its discontinued use as the default, as
explained by Ben and Elan.

You saved the day for me! And I've learnt a great deal from you guys.

God bless you all!
Henry

···

On 8/9/19, Elan Ernest <elch.rz@ruetz-online.de> wrote:

The first plot uses the `jet` colormap, the second one the `viridis`
colormap. You can set the colormap via the `cmap` argument
(contourf(..., cmap="jet"))

Note however, that we (more or less strongly) discourage the use of the
jet colormap for heatmaps like this. This plot makes up a nice example
for why: The jet colormap results in "features" being seen in the data,
which aren't actually there.

For more, check

* the colormaps tutorial
(https://matplotlib.org/3.1.1/tutorials/colors/colormaps.html),

* the API change note
(https://matplotlib.org/users/dflt_style_changes.html?highlight=jet%20viridis#colormap),

* this stackoverflow question
https://stats.stackexchange.com/questions/223315/why-use-colormap-viridis-over-jet

Am 09.08.2019 um 16:54 schrieb Henry Ekene:

Hello, Matplotlib Users,

My challenge is that I saw this below image somewhere
Screenshot from 2019-08-09 15-24-34.pngand i decided to reproduce it
using the same matplotlib codes but it turned out that my own image
appear different as can be seen below
Screenshot from 2019-08-09 15-28-38.pngPlease why is mine different in
color, and what can I do to get the exact image as the other one?
Thanks for your help.

Henry

_______________________________________________
Matplotlib-users mailing list
Matplotlib-users@python.org
https://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/matplotlib-users

_______________________________________________
Matplotlib-users mailing list
Matplotlib-users@python.org
https://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/matplotlib-users