# Fixed width - axis equal *and* tight

Hi there,

I want to examine a vector field and therefore i used "quiver" to
visualize said field:

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# points
x, y = np.meshgrid(np.arange(0, 2*np.pi, 0.1),
np.arange(0, 1*np.pi, 0.1))
# derivatives
dx = -2*np.sin(x)*np.cos(y)
dy = np.cos(x)*np.sin(y)

# plot
plt.figure()
plt.quiver(dx, dy, color='b')

# beautiful axis
a = plt.gca()
x_a, y_a = a.get_xaxis(), a.get_yaxis()
a.axis('tight')
# TODO: We should not multiply with 10 here.
x_a.set_ticks(np.arange(0, 2*np.pi*10+1, np.pi*10/4))
y_a.set_ticks(np.arange(0, 1*np.pi*10+1, np.pi*10/4))
labels = [
r'$0$',
r'$\frac{1}{4}\pi$',
r'$\frac{1}{2}\pi$',
r'$\frac{3}{4}\pi$',
r'$\pi$',
r'$\frac{5}{4}\pi$',
r'$\frac{3}{2}\pi$',
r'$\frac{7}{4}\pi$',
r'$2 \pi$']
a.set_xticklabels(labels)
a.set_yticklabels(labels[:5])

# show
plt.show()

(The plot looks like a double swirl, if anyone is interested in that
information)

At first I do not know why I have to multiply with 10 at the ticks, but
thats not the point.

It is much more important that I would like to set the image to a
certain width before saving. It should be both "tight" and "equal", so
after setting the width the height could be calculated automatically.

As a workaround I use the images and strech them vertically, but then
the x/y axis tick labels look strange.

So: How to set a certain width?

Thanks and a merry Christmas,
Keba

Hi,

Maybe a bad idea to ask a question on x-mas. Well, I hope it’s not that
unpolite to push one‘s questions.

Basically I just want to set a fixed width/height on my figure. That
should be possible?

···

Mario Fuest <mariofuest@...2915...> schrieb am Sat, 24. Dec 16:42: > Hi there, > > I want to examine a vector field and therefore i used "quiver" to > visualize said field:

> import numpy as np
> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>
> # points
> x, y = np.meshgrid(np.arange(0, 2*np.pi, 0.1),
> np.arange(0, 1*np.pi, 0.1))
> # derivatives
> dx = -2*np.sin(x)*np.cos(y)
> dy = np.cos(x)*np.sin(y)
>
> # plot
> plt.figure()
> plt.quiver(dx, dy, color='b')
>
> # beautiful axis
> a = plt.gca()
> x_a, y_a = a.get_xaxis(), a.get_yaxis()
> a.axis('tight')
> # TODO: We should not multiply with 10 here.
> x_a.set_ticks(np.arange(0, 2*np.pi*10+1, np.pi*10/4))
> y_a.set_ticks(np.arange(0, 1*np.pi*10+1, np.pi*10/4))
> labels = [
> r'$0$',
> r'$\frac{1}{4}\pi$',
> r'$\frac{1}{2}\pi$',
> r'$\frac{3}{4}\pi$',
> r'$\pi$',
> r'$\frac{5}{4}\pi$',
> r'$\frac{3}{2}\pi$',
> r'$\frac{7}{4}\pi$',
> r'$2 \pi$']
> a.set_xticklabels(labels)
> a.set_yticklabels(labels[:5])
>
> # show
> plt.show()

(The plot looks like a double swirl, if anyone is interested in that
information)

At first I do not know why I have to multiply with 10 at the ticks, but
thats not the point.

It is much more important that I would like to set the image to a
certain width before saving. It should be both "tight" and "equal", so
after setting the width the height could be calculated automatically.

As a workaround I use the images and strech them vertically, but then
the x/y axis tick labels look strange.

So: How to set a certain width?

Thanks and a merry Christmas,
Keba

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Hi,

Maybe a bad idea to ask a question on x-mas. Well, I hope it’s not that

unpolite to push one‘s questions.

Basically I just want to set a fixed width/height on my figure. That

should be possible?

Hi there,

I want to examine a vector field and therefore i used “quiver” to

visualize said field:

import numpy as np

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# points

x, y = np.meshgrid(np.arange(0, 2*np.pi, 0.1),

               np.arange(0, 1*np.pi, 0.1))


# derivatives

dx = -2*np.sin(x)*np.cos(y)

dy = np.cos(x)*np.sin(y)

# plot

plt.figure()

plt.quiver(dx, dy, color=‘b’)

# beautiful axis

a = plt.gca()

x_a, y_a = a.get_xaxis(), a.get_yaxis()

a.axis(‘tight’)

# TODO: We should not multiply with 10 here.

x_a.set_ticks(np.arange(0, 2np.pi10+1, np.pi*10/4))

y_a.set_ticks(np.arange(0, 1np.pi10+1, np.pi*10/4))

labels = [

r'$0$',

r'$\frac{1}{4}\pi$',

r'$\frac{1}{2}\pi$',

r'$\frac{3}{4}\pi$',

r'$\pi$',

r'$\frac{5}{4}\pi$',

r'$\frac{3}{2}\pi$',

r'$\frac{7}{4}\pi$',

r'$2 \pi$']


a.set_xticklabels(labels)

a.set_yticklabels(labels[:5])

# show

plt.show()

(The plot looks like a double swirl, if anyone is interested in that

information)

At first I do not know why I have to multiply with 10 at the ticks, but

thats not the point.

It is much more important that I would like to set the image to a

certain width before saving. It should be both “tight” and “equal”, so

after setting the width the height could be calculated automatically.

As a workaround I use the images and strech them vertically, but then

the x/y axis tick labels look strange.

So: How to set a certain width?

Thanks and a merry Christmas,

Keba

You can try

ax.set_aspect(‘equal’)
ax.autoscale(tight=True)

The order doesn’t seem to matter.

-Tony

···

On Tue, Jan 3, 2012 at 11:57 AM, Mario Fuest <mariofuest@…2915…> wrote:

Mario Fuest <mariofuest@…3881…> schrieb am Sat, 24. Dec 16:42:

Hi,

Sorry for the late reply.

···

Tony Yu <tsyu80@...287...> schrieb am Tue, 03. Jan 17:07:

You can try

>>> ax.set_aspect('equal')
>>> ax.autoscale(tight=True)

The order doesn't seem to matter.

That works well, thank you!

Kind regars, Keba.